|Sl no||Fisheries Details||Nos|
|5||Marine Fishing Villages||180|
|Sl no||Fishing Crafts||Mechanised||Vallam||Latemarines|
|Sl no||Gear Type||Quantity|
Gearwise Fish Production
|Sl. No.||Gear Type||Production in Tonnes|
Ramanathapuram coast is well known for pearl fishing. The Pandyan kings who ruled over this District exploited the pearl fisheries of the East Coast. The cholas who succeeded Pandyas not only patronized pearl fishing but also developed it with great care in the Palk and Gulf of Mannar. Marco Polo (1260-1300) who traveled in State India during this period says in his account that the pearl fishing was monopolised by Pandyas. The large quantity of pearls collected from the pearl beds were exported to Mediterranean countries.
Off late the pearl fisheries along the Coast Ramanathapuram is diminished. Hence commercial pearl farming had been reduced.
Ramanathapuram District has distinct chank fishery. Jadhi Chanks are in abundant in the Palk Bay strait and Gulf of Mannar. More than 2000 fishermen are engaged in active chank diving and sacred chank collected by divers are marketed to West Bengal for making ornaments. This contributes significantly to the development of fisheries.
About 162 Shrimp farms are operating in the district to the extent of water spread area of 378ha which follows the semi- intensive type of prawn culture. Shrimp harvested from these farms are exported to Japan, USA and European countries, which earns sizable foreign exchange for the country.
Fish Culture in Cages
Ramanathapuram Coastal villages mainly Thondi, Erwadi, Mandapam, Thangachimadam and Olaikuda areas are suitable for erecting cages for fish culture as an alternative livelihood for fisherfolk. The fishermen are encouraged by the State Government to follow the fish culture in 6 metre dia round cages with subsidy for construction of cages and supply of inputs. By this way, more than 75 cages are operated for fish culture with more than a one ton of fish harvested from each cage with the culture period of 6 to 7 months.
In Ramanathapuram district 3 fish processing factories are functioning in Thondi and Mandapam. Prawn, squids, Cuttle fish, Crabs and fish are processed and exported to foreign countries. Many small entrepreneurs are involved in fish drying in Pamban, Thangachimadam areas. Dried fish is used in poultry and cattle feed manufacturing.